Plant name : Puliyarai or Puliyarila "Though among the smallest creation of God, but one among the most significant medicinal herb" Botanical name : Oxalis corniculata Family : Oxalidacea Actions : Astringent, Anti-inflammatory, Stomachic, Antipyretic. Siddha medicinal uses : The leaf juice in the dose of 15-25 ml is administered in the conditions like bloody diarrhoea, prolapse of rectum etc. It can also be administered in these conditions by boiling these leaves in cows butter milk
Plant Name: Nilavembu, also known as Kiriyath "The better medicine to kill bitter ailments" Botanical Name: Andrographis paniculata Family Name: Acanthaceae Actions: Anti-spasmodic, Febrifuge, Hepatotonic, Stomachic. Siddha Medicinal Uses : Nilavembu is taken as samoolam, decoction is prepared with this and used in treatment of vatha diseases, fever, liver diseases etc. Liver disorders in children can be treated by giving the juice of the samoolam of this plant along with equal quantity of honey.
Plant name : Pirandai also known as Changalam piranda "Fractured bones resetted and healed like a miracle through Siddha oushadam Pirandai" Botanical name : Cissus quadrangularis Family : Vitaceae Actions : Alterative, Emmenogogue, Stomachic. Siddha Medicinal Uses : The stem of the plant is used to bandage the part of body subjected to fracture or any bone injury. The oil prepared from juice of this plant and gingilee oil is externally applied over fractured part.
Plant name : Panikoorkka "A simple and best remedy for fever" Botanical name : Coleus aromaticus Family : Lamiacea Actions : Anti-pyretic, Expectorant, Anti-vatha, and Carminative. Siddha medicinal uses : Leaf juice is administered in dose of 1-2 teaspoon in children and 1-2 table spoon in adults for fever. The extract of leaf or leaf is crushed and boiled in water and the steam is inhalled for nasal congestion.
Plant name : Adathodai can "improve the qaulity of voice and cure all respiratory problems" Botanical name : Adathoda vasica Family : Acanthaceae Actions : Expectorant, Anti-spasmodic, Germicide, Diuretic. Siddha medicinal uses : Leaf juice and honey are taken in equal quantity and given three times daily for cough, rakthapitham (Hypertension), Fever, Bronchial asthma and jaundice. The samoolam or entire plant is taken decoction is prepared and given in dose of 20 to 30 ml for
Plant name : Thippili means "Increasing the Azhal humour or Pitha humour". Botanical name : Piper longum Family : Piperaceae Actions : Carminative, Expectorant, Stomachic, and Stimulant. Siddha Medicinal Uses : Powdered choornam of thippili roots are taken and used by the Varma Asans (Physicians) for blowing into the nose of the patient in faintness, giddiness etc. The roots of the plants are taken and ground with milk and given for thirst and vali noi.
Kattrazhai flesh after washing several times and mixed with padikaram (Alum) causes the juice to ooze out from it. This juice is an effective remedy for eye diseases like redness and itching in eyes. It is a very effective coolant and hence leghyam and oil can be prepared with this is an excellent remedy to remove Pitham or Internal heat from the body.
The samoolam of this plant is crushed and boiled with water, the steam is used for inhalation in conditions like nasal congestion, cough, cold, fever, headache etc. For unconsiousness due to the toxicity of snake bite, the juice of leaves is used as nasal drops. Also the leaves are given internally for best results.
The juice of the samoolam is given in the dose of 5-10 ml and given daily thrice a day for fever, diarrhoea, swellings etc. The dried leaf powder can be given in dose of 2-4 grams twice daily for poisonous bites, diarrhoea, fever, heart diseases, aneamia, skin diseases like scabies, and dropsy conditions.
For karappan (eczema), sori, in children and for certain skin diseases in adults, the flowers of asokam is made into karkam and boiled with coconut oil, this is filtered and used externally over these ailments.