This disease is one of the most common disease seen today. It is otherwise known as Mookadaippu or Neerkovai as per Siddham. This disease is characterized by reddening of nasal mucosa, rhinitis, headache, and intermittent expulsion of mucous, purulent or bloody sputum.
The patient complaints of burning sensation and itching with reddening of nasal mucosa, eyes reddens and usually waters, irritation of ears with obstruction occurs, severe headache with dyspnoea and rhinitis present.
The reason of this disease is intake of cold water, exposure to cold climate, inhalation of smoke or other harmful or offensive gases, insomnia, vocal abuse or speaking in a loud voice, using contaminated water for bath, suppression of 14 natural urges( particularly vomiting and tears), insomnia, any activity like improper practice of yoga which increases body heat is also a triggering factor to cause this disease
If primary cause of disease is taken into account, then azhal humour is the main cause for this disease. This is the reason why inflammation of nasal mucosa , para nasal sinuses and adjacent areas occurs. At this point or junction, a sharp increase in iyam occurs which accelerates the condition with increase in mucus and other secretions in the tract. This hinders the normal drainage of fluid and as a result stagnation occurs. The uthanan which controls the upward movement of air gets deranged. The deranged uthanavayu along with the deranged azhal humour reaches the head where it increases the pressure and causes the discharge of mucus , pus, and nose and causes the reddening of nasal mucosa with tenderness and pain and thus this disease occurs.
The patient becomes restless and irritated due to the continuous rhinitis, pain in and around the sinuses and other symptoms. Hence the patient is made to take sufficient rest.
External therapies are really helpful in this condition and gives a remarkable relief. Nasal powders, Steam inhalation and Nasiyam , Fumigation, Herbal pastes, Oil application are useful.
Nasal podi or powders
Illuppai ver podi, chundai ver podi, palai ver podi, pugai ilai podi or erimuttai podi. Any one of these can be used as nasal podi.
Thumbai poo nasiyam
Are used for nasiyam.
Neerkovai mathirai mixed with breast milk or hot water and applied on forehead.
Peenisa thailam, Nasiroganasa thailam, Siddhakayathirumeni ennai, Chukku thailam, Milagu thailam are effective remedies.